The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella) are the other bones that make the knee joint. Tendons connect the knee bones to the leg muscles that move the knee joint. Ligaments join the knee bones and provide stability to the knee.
Tendonitis -This is an overuse injury causing swelling of the tendons, the bands of tissue that connect your bones and muscles. This is sometimes called 'jumper's knee' as it is common in sports involving jumping, such as basketball.
Bone chips - Sometimes, a knee injury can break off fragments from the bone or cartilage. These pieces can get stuck in the joint, causing it to freeze up. You may also have pain and swelling.
Housemaid's knee or bursitis is caused by kneeling for long periods of time or repetitive knee movements. Fluid builds up in the bursa, the sac of fluid that cushions the knee joints. Swelling behind the knee is called a 'Baker's cyst' and may be caused by injuries or arthritis.
Bleeding in the knee joint - This injury is also called haemarthrosis and affects blood vessels around the knee ligaments causing the knee to feel warm, stiff, bruised and swollen. This may require hospital treatment in serious cases.
Iliotibial band syndrome - This is an overuse injury to the iliotibial band of tissue that runs from the hip to the shin past the knee.
Medial plica syndrome - This overuse injury affects the plica, a fold of tissue in the knee joint.
Osgood- Schlatter Disease - This overuse condition is common in teenagers playing sport and causes swelling and tenderness over the bony bump just below the knee.
Partially dislocated kneecap (or patellar subluxation). This is usually due to a physical condition with the legs rather than a sports injury. The kneecap slides out of position and causes pain and swelling.
Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.
The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
Call your doctor if you:
Strengthening the muscles around your knee will make it more stable. Training is likely to focus on the muscles on the front of your thigh (quadriceps) and the muscles in the back of your thigh (hamstrings). Exercises to improve your balance are also important.
Arch supports, sometimes with wedges on one side of the heel, can help to shift pressure away from the side of the knee most affected by osteoarthritis.
Scenar treatment can substantially reduce or eliminate the pain associated with knee injuries. Small courses of treatments have proven extremely successful with this kind of complaint. Knees and ankles are generally very responsive to scenar treatment. If you see your doctor regarding one or more of the issues above, call us and we can get rid of that pain for you.