Back pain is pain felt in the back that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.
Back pain may have a sudden onset or can be a chronic pain; it can be constant or intermittent, stay in one place or radiate to other areas. It may be a dull ache, or a sharp or piercing or burning sensation. The pain may radiate into the arms and hands as well as the legs or feet, and may include symptoms other than pain. These symptoms may include tingling, weakness or numbness.
Back pain is one of life's most frequent complaints. Acute low back pain is the fifth most common reason for doctor visits. About nine out of ten adults experience back pain at some point in their life, and five out of ten working adults have back pain every year.
The spine is a complex interconnecting network of nerves, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments, all of which are capable of producing pain. Large nerves that originate in the spine and go to the legs and arms can make pain radiate to the extremities.
Nonspecific low back pain - This is the most common type of back pain. About 19 in 20 cases of sudden-onset (acute) low back pain are classed as nonspecific. This is the type of back pain that most people will have at some point in their life. It is called nonspecific because it is usually not clear what is actually causing the pain. In other words, there is no specific problem or disease that can be identified as the cause of the pain. The severity of the pain can vary from mild to severe. This type of back pain is discussed further below.
Nerve root pain (often called sciatica) - This occurs in less than 1 in 20 cases of acute low back pain. Nerve root pain means that a nerve coming out from the spinal cord (the root of the nerve) is irritated or pressed on. (Many people call this a trapped nerve.) You feel pain along the course of the nerve. Therefore, you typically feel pain down a leg, sometimes as far as to the calf or foot. The pain in the leg or foot is often worse than the pain in the back. The irritation or pressure on the nerve may also cause pins and needles, numbness or weakness in part of a buttock, leg or foot.
About 9 in 10 cases of nerve root back pain are due to a prolapsed disc - often called a slipped disc. A disc does not actually slip. What happens is that part of the inner softer part of the disc bulges out (prolapses) through a weakness in the outer harder part of the disc. The prolapsed part of the disc can press on a nerve nearby. Other less common conditions can cause pressure on a nerve to cause nerve root pain.
When chronic back pain disturbs your sleep night after night, you might despair of ever getting a good night's sleep. However, with proper treatment, you can get relief from chronic back pain and enjoy normal sleep. Day-to-day tasks become a nightmare, simply putting your shoes on can leave you in excruciating pain.
With back pain, or painful joints or muscles, save yourself a lot of time, money, and suffering: try Scenar, even just once -- it really is one of the best solutions for back pain available.
Scenar is based on similar principles to acupuncture and other zonal therapies, and is at least as effective. In additon to releasing cascades of natural pain-killing peptides, part of the Scenar process is that it helps to relax, re-educate and re-align muscles, ligaments, joints and trapped nerves. It helps the body to make its own adjustments, and in treating back pain this is clearly essential.
This is much easier to describe, understand and treat. The pain comes on suddenly while doing some activity that may be enough in itself or may trigger one of the chronic back pain factors mentioned below. Some of the most common are:
Acute back pain is usually the easiest type to treat, and, depending on whether any long-term damage has been done, one or two Scenar treatments may be sufficient.
Any of the above factors can be involved, but the back is such a complex collection of bones, muscles, joints and nerves that it's notoriously difficult to pin down the causes of any one case of back pain. So this is just an explanation of some of the most common factors, and of how Scenar treatment can help.
The root cause of most back pain -- muscle tension and mis-alignment -- appears to build up from a collection of inter-locking factors, different in each person: old injuries, years of poor posture, the angle the feet meet the ground, incorrect spinal curvature, being overweight, pregnancy, driving for long periods, bad and insufficient sleep, poor bed mattresses, respiratory conditions, bad workplace ergonomics, type of work, and stress levels. These causes of back pain can be massively affected by a cycle of emotional stress in which the stress and back pain reinforce each other.
Most chronic musculo-skeletal pain, particularly back pain, stems from an imbalance in the muscles around the joints. When a muscle becomes injured or stressed, the sensors inside it, which are constantly sending signals to the brain, stop working properly. The brain then gets a bit scrambled and sends the wrong signals back to the muscles.
Scenar's approach to back pain is to "re-boot the computer". By stimulating the central nervous system, it helps to re-set the signals between the brain and the muscles, the balance between the two sides of the body, and the balance between different limbs or sections of the body. As these nerve signals are normalised, the strength and length of the muscles is naturally restored, joints return to natural functions with less deterioration, and inflammation and pain are removed.
Without Scenar, or some other kind of intervention that re-sets the malfunctioning neurology, any amount of kneading, pulling, twisting, and bone-crunching will do nothing more than temporarily alleviate the back pain and restore limited function, without addressing the real, underlying causes of the problem.
In most courses of Scenar therapy, whatever the condition, treating the back is central to everything, especially the "Three Pathways and Six Points protocol. This gives us readings from the entire central nervous system, and through the back, we give what amounts to a whole-body MOT and tune-up. Although the objective is wider than just back pain, this general treatment is often enough on its own to remove simple back pain in just a few treatments.
Some back pain just goes away temporarily without treatment, but the conditions that created it usually don't.